4 Popular Types of Coffee Beans in the World & Their Comparison
Coffee beans are the little precious energy balls…!
Coffee has become the most popular kind of drink in the world. Most of the people need to have a cup of coffee for starting their day. There are several reasons for taking coffee as a must component of morning diet but coffee addition is one of the majors.
This ultimate drink has the finest capability to let you feel energetic. Coffee also has the power of giving you cravings even in your mood swings. So, coffee is one of the most favourites and required drink. Even in other liquid compounds and drinks, people try to find different types of coffee flavours.
How coffee can be produced?? This article will let you know this.
Types of coffee beans: Coffee beans are not merely the beans, these are just the energy balls to many of yours. It is a factual discussion that different types of coffee beans are found on shrubs instead of a tree or other plants. Definitely, these coffee beans take time to be flourished and to be enriched for having it in a cup to drink.
It can take the time of years to be cultivated and revamped for having a proper condition to proceed it ahead. Coffee beans after collection pass through a number of proceeding stages. some kind of beans can be picked after passing through the process of harvesting.
Harvesting can surely take time of years. Contrary to this, the duration of the picking process depends upon the picker. An active picker can collect or pick 50 to 60 pounds of coffee beans in a day. In fact, it is an approximate value for proceeding it further.
During collection, the bean types can be found in two colours for instance in pink and in green. Green coloured coffee beans are recommended as aged coffee beans, because of being more grown. After collecting coffee beans, green coffee beans are the first priority of any picker, during the process of sorting.
After sorting the beans, dry processing takes place. During the dry processing, beans are kept usually in sunny areas for letting them dry with sun rays. This drying process can take the time of 20 to 30 days.
Wet processing is also a second process, in this process coffee beans are kept in water for hours. Beans are kept in water for putting the seeds out from the pulp. When wet processing came to an end, the coffee beans are left for becoming dry.
The hulling process is also done for removing the parchment layers of beans. This process is done for making beans more purifier. The main purpose of hulling is to remove entirely the dried husk from beans.
Husk free beans are prepared to keep them in a polishing machine. This polishing machine helps to remove any white or silver layer from the beans and for giving them fresher look. At the accomplishment of the whole process, the coffee beans are usually sorted again in regard to size and color.
Finally, for exporting them, beans are kept in a machine for roasting them in three levels. Three roasting levels are light, medium and dark roasted beans.
Coffee beans are in different types.
After discussing the whole process of getting coffee beans in a useable form, it is pertinent to mention here types also.
General types of coffee beans are in the following:
- Arabica Coffee
- Robusta Coffee
- Liberica Coffee
- Excelsa coffee
Arabica coffee ( Arabian Coffee )
Among all the types of coffee beans, Arabica is the only one who has worn a crown of the best coffee. Arabica coffee is also knows as Arabian Coffee. Arabica coffee is the most familiar and most commonly produced coffee. According to the usage ratio, Arabica coffee is being used and produced more than 60% in the world.
In the areas of excessive rainfall, coffee beans are tended to be grown at larger scales. One more impressive feature about the Arabica coffee is that it can be looked after easier than the rest of others. These beans can easily be taken care because of the smallest heights of its plants.
Harvesting of Arabica coffee beans is also easier because of its plants’ smaller stature. Arabica beans’ delicacy is also noticeable than the rest of others. Its delicacy also leads it towards more quickly influenced by the environment.
Moreover, Arabica beans are discussed in the context of having more inclination to disease. Great care is required for keeping them safer from environmental effects. If the climate is not suitable, then these plants will be required more attention and double care.
Higher quality of Arabica beans have the following traits:
- Brighter texture and body
- Satisfying amount of acidity
- Multilayered intricacy of flavours and aromas
- Sweetness and salinity
- Half amount of caffeine as compared to other coffee beans
Note: Best served with hot water and with dripper technique
Robusta coffee ( synonym Coffea robusta )
Robusta coffee is the second type of coffee beans. After the most familiar production of Arabica coffee, Robusta is the second one in produced coffee at larger scales. Robusta coffee is also knows as synonym Coffea robusta. Opposite to the traits of Arabica coffee, Robusta is more tolerant to climate or various environmental conditions.
As earlier explained, Arabica coffee plants required more rainfall for being cultivated. In this way, Robusta requires irregular rain falls and dry weather conditions. Robusta coffee’s intakes create more immunity against diseases.
Plants of Robusta coffee beans act like a self-defender against endangering conditions. This category of coffee beans also contains more resistance to disease issues.
eneral traits in Robusta coffee beans are in the following:
- Low acidity
- Smooth texture
- Associate with chocolate flavors
- Bitter notes in taste are more apparent
- Flat smell with a rubbery taste
Note: Perfect for cream and sugar lovers
Liberica Coffee ( Liberian Coffee )
Numerous years ago, because of disease in coffee plants, government and other farming agents decided to find out a solution. At that time, they decided to turn towards the Liberica plants of coffee beans.The liberica coffee is also knows as Liberian coffee.
First originated country for Liberica plants was the Philippines, at that time it was included in USA territory. The Philippines gained noticeable financial help because of Liberica coffee plants. Only, Philippines was identified as a coffee supplier. Today, it harder to be grown in any area.
Traits of Liberica coffee beans are in the following:
- Irregular or asymmetrical in shape
- Larger in size
- Unique aroma consisting of flowers and fruity notes
- Have a slightly woody and smoky taste, quite different than others
Note: Rarely found in these days
Nowadays, Excelsa coffee has been identified or reclassified as a member of Liberica plants family. Excelsa coffee beans can merely be differentiated in the production field. Some of the farmers, still believe that Excelsa coffee beans are different species of coffee plants.
Excelsa coffee beans are renamed because of the same size and same traits as Liberica. These coffee plants are renamed as “Genus of Liberica”.
General traits of Excelsa coffee beans:
- Larger in size
- Almond-like in shape
- A little bit irregular in shape
- 7% used in other blends as the coffee flavor
- Fruity texture
- Light roasted flavor, somehow dark roasted also
Comparison between Arabica Vs Robusta Vs Liberia Vs Exvelsa
|Comparative account of all the above coffee plants|
|Flavour||Smoothness with sweetness||Smooth texture with bitter notes||Fruity and slightly woody||Fruity and slightly bitter|
|Caffeine amount||Half of Robusta||Heavy amount||Less amount||More than Liberica|
|Production||60%||Lesser than 60%||Not found||7%|
|A little bit inclination towards disease||More resistant to disease issues|